The temperate deciduous forest is a large biome, stretching across eastern and mid-America, Europe, and some of Eastern Asia and Japan. There is also some small areas of eastern Australia, and New Zealand…and some MORE in southern Chile and Argentina! Climate!!! (Cf) The biome is generally found in areas from 23? N to 38? S. It is in Koppen’s Cf category, the “C” being mild-mid latitude, and the “f” for moist.
An interesting thing about the climate is that it has four very distinct seasons, the aforementioned being spring, summer, autumn, and winter. The summer is generally mild, averaging at 70? F, June—August. Fall is from September—November, pleasantly cool, at a mean of 55 ? F. Winter begins in December, lasting until early April: The average temperature is slightly below freezing point. Spring is when everything comes alive again, with a temperature average of 58? F, beginning in April and ending early in June. The average precipitation yearly is 32 inches.
Plants!!! The temperate deciduous forest is an excellent place for greenery, what with its pleasant climate and ample rainfall. Many types of trees and lichen grow. The American Beech, a tall and wide tree, is well suited to the environment because of its many sunlight-collecting leaves. It also has a complex root system, which grows quite far outward but goes about a half-foot deep into the ground, making it extremely hard to fell. This tree can grow up to 90 to 100 feet. The Guelder Rose is a plant that prefers to grow in semi-shade of other towering trees.
In the summer, they turn a rich red and then into berries. They have adapted to their environment thanks to strong roots, which allow them to survive in acidic soil. They can also self-pollinate. Lady Ferns are perennials, which mean they grow back every year. An interesting adaptation is that they grow in a circle, and as they grow away, the centers go to Allah, leaving a ring of Lady Ferns, then the cycle starts over. Northern Arrowwoods are shrubs with small, heart-shaped white flowers. In cold weather, the seeds form a sort of shelling so that they don’t sprout in winter.
If they did, they’d also go to Allah. Then, when spring comes, the shelling disintegrates and they grow as they normally would. This is an extremely useful adaptation! The Shagbark Hickory is a large tree that can grow up to 100 feet. The branches themselves can grow horizontally 25 feet! The shagbark also has many long taproots: They grow straight into the ground, searching for well water in case of drought: A useful adaptation! A quite pretty plant, the Magnolia Tree is a flowering tree, with shocking-pink blossoms. It’s a very strong and hardy tree, despite its fragile appearance.
It’s virtually fire=resistant, and its roots, like the Shagbark Hickory’s, run very deeply, and it has been reported to have withstood multiple hurricanes. Animals!!! There are many different animals in the temperate deciduous forest biome, some of which include the European Red Squirrel, the White-tailed deer, and the Least Weasel! They have all adapted to the environment, one way or the other. The Coyote is a tough animal that can live almost anywhere, but the forests are one of their main habitats. Coyotes are extremely intelligent, have a terrific sense of smell, and keen hearing.
They can even sense other coyotes feelings with their ears, and their level of superiority! The European Red Squirrel is rather midgety compared to most squirrels, but are surprisingly strong. There durable teeth easily open nuts and seeds. For easier climbing, they have sharp claws that supports their body weight. The tail helps to balance body weight while on the go. The Least Weasel has a long slender body that allows it to sneak around the Japanese deciduous forests. It is the world’s smallest carnivore. Some adaptations is that the belly is white, but the back is brown, so that it can be camouflaged in both ud and snow. Their sharp claws make for ease in hunting, and they have excellent sight, smell, and hearing. The Nightingale is a small songbird, not much bigger than a hummingbird. They have extraordinary memories, useful in both tweeting tunes and navigation. Their brown feathers, and cream-colored belly are good camouflage, and they can fly! The White-tailed Deer lives in Canada and some of New England, a gentle herbivore. They have nocturnal tendencies, though some prefer to scout in daylight. They have great eyesight and hearing, but an AMAZING sense of smell.
When in danger, they raise their white tail to alert others. The Mallard Duck is a small, brown and green duck with a white collar around its neck. They are kept warm with down and three layers of feathers, and their most handy adaptation is flight! The Rabbit has many adaptations. Its long ears can not only pick up even the faintest sounds, but also judge the distance of the sound and help them cool off. Their hind legs enable them to hop at 52 feet per second! Their teeth never stop growing and are quite strong, while their large eyes give them almost a 360-degrees view! Fun Facts!
Deciduous means “falling off or out at a certain season,” explaining the name of this biome. These forests are home to the largest trees in the world: Giant Sequoias, that are 275 feet tall, 95 feet circumference. There are 5 zones: The Tree Stratum Zone—The highest, containing trees like oaks and maples, from 60 to 100 feet.