Body plane, directions, cavities, body systems and medical specialties, anatomy and physiology, microscopic to macroscopic, and quadrants and regions are the seven organizational approaches to studying the human body. They all are used in the human body but are use in different ways. Body planes and body directions is the separation of the body into portion from right and left, top and bottom, and front to back. The frontal plane, mid-sagittal plane, and the horizontal plane are the portions. This approach is used when analyzing body part and the capacity or particular fields within the body like lungs and brain.
The body cavity study body parts in the decayed area and body cavities itself. There are two main cavities; a posterior cavity, which is toward the backside of the body and contains the cranial cavity, and spinal cavity and an anterior cavity, which is toward the front side of the body and is divided into the pectoral cavity and abdominal pelvic cavity. The approach being used is to study a specifically known organ in the human being and in what way disease can influence dissimilar tissues. Anatomy and physiology analyze the makeups within the physique and in what way the capacity works in the tissue.
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The approach works with analyzing the makeup of the body and how the nervous system work. Also good for explaining to patient how their body part works. Quadrants are another way our bodies are separate into regions for both diagnostic and descriptive purposes. Body regions are used to explain areas of the body that obtain a distinctive capacity or provide by specific blood flow pathway or nerves. When conducting a physical exam within organs, it is a good reference on this approach. Studying of the tiniest piece of the human body is called microscopic and macroscopic approach.
The approach for these two is studying cells: A cell is the smallest independently functioning structure in the body that can reproduce itself by division. “Most cells and cellular structures are microscopic in size, that is, they can be seen only through a microscope. Some cells—a female ovum, for example—are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. ) Cells combine to form tissues, and tissues combine to form organs. (The different kinds of tissues and organs are discussed in specific chapters. ) Tissues and organs are macroscopic, that is, they can be seen with the naked eye.
Organs combine to form a body system. The human body contains several different body systems,” (The Body in Health and Disease Chapter 2 Pg49) The Body system is a make up of the is the following Gastrointestinal system aka (GI), Respiratory system, skeletal system, cardiovascular system aka (CV), Blood, Lymphatic system, Integumentary system, Skeletal system. Muscular system, Nervous system, Urinary system, Male genital and reproductive system, Female genital and reproductive system, Endocrine system, Eyes, Ears, nose, and throat, aka (ENT) system.
The human body can be studied according to the medical specialties that make up the practice of medicine. Each medical specialty includes the Anatomy (structures), physiology (functions), diseases and conditions, laboratory and diagnostic procedures, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs for that body system. Medical specialties (not body systems) are used to name departments in the hospital and other facilities where medicine is practiced. Each part plays a role in the medical field in one way or another and it is up to us to learn each role and path for all.