Telugu language

Telangana is a new proposed state to be formed out of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The city of Hyderabad would serve as the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for ten years. [2][3] On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved to request the Central government to make steps in accordance with the Constitution to form a separate state of Telangana (the 29th independent state of Republic of India), within a definite timeframe.

The timeline for the creation of the new state involves an elaborate process, which has been allotted 122 days, or at least four months. [4] The split has to be approved by the Parliament of India before the state is officially created. Also the ongoing Samaikyandhra Movement is trying to keep the state united. Etymology The Word “Telangana” might have been derived from Telugu which is the spoken language in this region and Telugu language is thought to have derived its name from trilinga, as in Trilinga Desa, “the country of the three lingas”.

According to a Hindu legend, Shiva descended as linga on three mountains namely, Kaleshwara, Shrishaila and Bhimeswara, which marked the boundaries of the Telugu country. [5][6] The term “Telangana” was designated to distinguish the Telugu region from Marathwada as part of Hyderabad State. [7] Early Reference during Kakatiya rule One of the earliest reference to the word Telangana can be seen from the name of Malik Maqbul, who was called Tilangani, which infers that he was from Tilangana.

He was born a Hindu named Nagaya Ganna and was called Yugandhar. He was son of Dadi Nagadeva. Yugandhar was the commander of Warangal Fort (Ka? aka paludu in Telugu After elevation to commander status he was referred as Gannama Nayaka. After the fall of Warangal in 1323, the Kakatiya king Prataparudra and his trusted minister and commander Gannama Nayaka were captured and taken to Delhi. [9] King Prataparudra committed suicide by drowning himself in the Narmada River. Yugandhar converted to Islam and was iven a new name, Khan-i Jahan Maqbul Tilangani] History Early history Kotilingala in Karimnagar was the capital of Assakajanapada, considered one of the 16 great janapadas of early India. This area yielded coins issued by pre-Satavahana kings. Coins of Chimukha, the founder of Satavahana dynasty and those cast in lead copper issued by later kings were found. [11] The Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE) became the dominant power in the area. It originated from the lands between the Godavari and Krishna Rivers.

After the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties ruled the area such as the Vakataka, Vishnukundina, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Western Chalukya dynasties. [citation needed]. The Satavahana dynasty had its roots in Koti Lingala on the banks of the Godavari River, in present day Karimnagar district Torana built by the Kakatiyas in Warangal in 1163 Charminar in Hyderabad Kakatiya dynasty The area experienced its golden age during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty that ruled most parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh from 1083 to 1323 CE.

Ganapatideva, who came to power in 1199, was known as the greatest of the Kakatiyas, and the first after the Satavahanas to bring the entire Telugu area under one rule. He put an end to the rule of the Telugu Cholas, who accepted his suzerainty in the year 1210. He established order in his vast dominion that stretched from the Godavari delta in the east to Raichur (in modern day Karnataka) in the west and from Karimnagar and Bastar (in modern day Chhattisgarh) in the north to Srisailam and Tripurantakam, near Ongole, in the south.

It was during his reign that the Golkonda fort was constructed. Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty. The dynasty weakened with the attack of Malik Kafur in 1309 and was dissolved with the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad bin Tughluq in 1323. Qutbshahis and Nizams The area came under the Muslim rule of the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate. Quli Qutb Mulk, a governor of Golkonda, revolted against the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty in 1518.

On 21 September 1687, the Golkonda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golkonda fort. [12]In 1712, Qamar-ud-din Khan was appointed to be Viceroy of the Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk “Administrator of the Realm”. In 1724, he defeated Mubariz Khan to establish autonomy over the Deccan Suba and took the name Asif Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty. He named the area Hyderabad Deccan. Subsequent rulers retained the title Nizam ul-Mulk and were referred to as Asif Jahi Nizams or Nizams of Hyderabad.

When Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic neighboring states and colonial foreign forces. In 1769, Hyderabad city became the formal capital of the Nizams. Nizam signed a subsidiary alliance in 1799 with British and lost its control over the state’s defense and foreign affairs. Hyderabad State became a princely state among the presidencies and provinces of British India. Telangana was the seat of numerous dynasties. Chowmahalla Palace was home to the Nizams of Hyderabad.

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