Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack (presently in the Odisha state) then a part of Bengal Presidency, to Janakinath Bose, an advocate and Prabhavati Devi.  His parents’ ancestral house was at Kodalia village (near Baruipur; now known as Shubhashgram, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal).  He was the ninth child of a total of fourteen siblings. He studied at the Stewart School, Cuttack, an Anglo school, until the seventh standard and then shifted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School.
After securing the second position in the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911, he got admitted to the Presidency College where he studied briefly.  His nationalistic temperament came to light when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for the latter’s anti-India comments. He later joined the Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta and passed his B. A. in 1918 in philosophy.  Subhas Chandra Bose left India in 1919 for Great Britain with a promise to his father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS).
He went to study in Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, and matriculated on 19 November 1919. He came fourth in the ICS examination and was selected but he did not want to work under an alien government which would mean serving the British. He resigned from the civil service job and returned to India.  He started the newspaper Swaraj and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.  His mentor wasChittaranjan Das who was a spokesman for aggressive nationalism in Bengal.
In the year 1923, Bose was elected the President of All India Youth Congress and also the Secretary of Bengal State Congress. He was also editor of the newspaper “Forward”, founded by Chittaranjan Das. Bose worked as the CEO of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation for Das when the latter was elected mayor of Calcutta in 1924.  In a roundup of nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to prison in Mandalay, where he contracted tuberculosis. [