Reaction Paper of Rizal Grand Tour to Europe

-Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to leave his country for a second time in February 1888. He was then afull-grown man of 27 years of age, a practicing physician, and a recognized man-of-letters THE TRIP TO HONGKONG February 3, 1888 -Rizal left Manila for Hong Kong on board the Zafiro February 7, 1888 – Zafiro made a brief stopover at Amoy Rizal did not get off his ship at Amoy for three reasons: (1) he was not feeling well (2) it was raining hard (3) he heard that the city was dirty February 8, 1888 Rizal arrived in Hong Kong Victoria Hotel – Rizal stayed while in Hong Kong. He was welcomed by Filipino residents, including JoseMaria Basa, Balbino Mauricio, and Manuel Yriarte (son of Francisco Yriarte (son of Francisco Yriarte,alcalde mayor of Laguna) Jose Sainz de Varanda – a Spaniard, who was a former secretary of Governor General Terrero,shadowed Rizal’s movement in Hong Kong-it is believed that he was commissioned by the Spanish authorities to spy on Rizal “Hong Kong”, wrote Rizal to Blumentritt on February 16, 1888, “is a small, but very clean city. ” VISIT TO MACAO Macao is a Portuguese colony near Hong Kong. -According to Rizal, the city of Macao is small, low, and gloomy.

There are many junks, sampans, but few steamers. It looks sad and is almost dead. February 18, 1888 – Rizal, accompanied by Basa, boarded the ferry steamer, Kiu-Kiang for Macao Don Juan Francisco Lecaros – A filipino gentleman married to a Portuguese lady-Rizal and Basa stayed at his home while in Macao February 18, 1888 – Rizal witnessed a Catholic possession, in which the devotees were dressed in blueand purple dresses and were carrying unlighted candles February 20, 1888 Rizal and Basa returned to Hong Kong, again on board the ferry steamer Kiu Kiang DEPARTURE FROM HONG KONG February 22, 1888 – Rizal left Hong Kong on board the Oceanic, an American steamer, his destination was Japan Rizal’s cabin mate was a British Protestant missionary who called Rizal “a good man” CHAPTER 12 ROMANTIC INTERLUDE IN JAPAN (1888) -One of the happiest interludes in the life of Rizal was his sojourn in the Land of the Cherry Blossoms for one month and ahalf (February 28-April 13, 1888) February 28, 1888 – early in the morning of Tuesday, Rizal arrived in Yokohama.

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He registered at theGrand Hotel Tokyo Hotel – Rizal stayed here from March 2 to March 7 Rizal wrote to Professor Blumentritt: “Tokyo is more expensive then Paris. The walls are built incyclopean manner. The streets are large and wide. ” Juan Perez Caballero -secretary of the Spanish Legation, who visited Rizal at his hotel who latter invitedhim to live at the Spanish Legation Rizal accepted the invitation for two reasons: (1) He could economize his living expenses by staying at the legation (2) he had nothing to hide from the prying eyes of the Spanish authorities March 7, 1888 Rizal checked out of Tokyo Hotel and lived at the Spanish Legation Rizal was favorably impressed by Japan. The things which favorably impressed Rizal in Japan were: (1)the beauty of the country—its flowers, mountains, streams and scenic panoramas, (2) the cleanliness, politeness, and industry of the Japanese people (3)the picturesque dress and simple charm of the Japanese women (4) there were very few thieves in Japan so that the houses remained open day and night, and in hotel room one could safely leave money on the able (5) beggars were rarely seen in the city, streets, unlike in Manila and other cities Rickshaws -popular mode of transportation drawn by men that Rizal did not like in Japan April 13, 1888 -Rizal left Japan and boarded the Belgic, an English steamer, at Yokohama, bound for theUnited States Tetcho Suehiro – a fighting Japanese journalist, novelist and champion of human rights, who was forcedby the Japanese government to leave the country-passenger which Rizal befriended on board the Belgic April 13 to December 1, 1888 – eight months of intimate acquaintanceship of Rizal and Tetcho December 1, 1888 after a last warm handshake and bidding each other “goodbye”, Rizal and Tetchoparted ways—never to meet again

CHAPTER 13 RIZAL’S VISIT TO THE UNITED STATES (1888) April 28, 1888 – the steamer Belgic, with Rizal on board, docked at San Francisco on Saturday morning May 4, 1888 – Friday afternoon, the day Rizal was permitted to go ashore Palace Hotel – Rizal registered here which was then considered a first-class hotel in the city Rizal stayed in San Francisco for two days—May 4 to 6, 1888 May 6, 1888 -Sunday, 4:30PM, Rizal left San Francisco for Oakland May 13, 1888 Sunday morning, Rizal reached New York, thus ending his trip across the Americancontinent Rizal stayed three days in this city, which he called the “big town. ” May 16, 1888 – Rizal left New York for Liverpool on board the City of Rome. According to Rizal, this steamer was “the second largest ship in the world, the largest being the Great Eastern” Rizal had good and bad impressions of the United States. The good impressions were (1) the material progress of the country as shown in the great cities, huge farms, flourishing industries and busy factories(2) the drive and energy of the American people (3) the natural eauty of the land (4) the high standard of living (5) the opportunities for better life offered to poor immigrants One bad impression Rizal had of America was the lack of racial equality: “America is the land par excellence of freedom but only for the whites ”RIZAL IN LONDON (1888-1889) -After visiting the United States, Rizal lived in London from May, 1888 to March, 1889 for three reasons: (1) to improve his knowledge of the English language (2) to study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de