How to create MLA parenthetical citations Type of citation Author’s name in text Author’s name in reference Quotation found in indirect or “secondhand” source Material found in indirect source Two authors’ names in reference Reference to volume and page in multivolume work Reference to whole volume Example Magny develops this argument (67-69). This argument has been developed elsewhere (Magny 67-69). The philosopher Alain states that “admiration is not pleasure but a kind of attention. . ” (qtd. in Magny 66). Alain’s words seem to dissociate admiration from pleasure (in Magny 66). The most notorious foreign lobby in Washington is the “Sugar Mafia” (Howe and Trott 134). As a painter Andrea was “faultless” (Freedberg 1: 98). In his second volume, Freedberg gives an account of Andrea’s whole painting career. Frye connects Burgess’ A Clockwork Orange to romance tradition (Secular Scripture 110). Dabundo deals with this problem (22, 31). This controversy has been addressed more than once (Dabundo 27; Magny 69).
Parsons talked about the need for physical education teachers to understand the relationship between physical activity and fitness. Many different types of organizations in the United States are involved in mediation and dispute resolution (Natl. Inst. for Dispute Resolution). The semiconductor workplace is highly toxic (Ross, par. 35). Two works by same author on list of works cited Two locations in same source Two sources cited Personal interview; name given in text Corporate author Electronic source that uses paragraph numbers Page | 1
Electronic source that uses chapter and section numbers “Once we start using a tool extensively, it also starts using us” (Rawlins, ch. 1, sec. 1). Formatting quotations according to the MLA guidelines Use the block quotation format for quotations more than four lines long: ? ? ? ? In most cases, use a colon to introduce the quotation. Indent the quotation one inch from the left margin. Double-space the quotation. Do not use quotation marks. Place the parenthetical citation (author and page number) after the period (or other mark of punctuation) that closes the block quotation.
EXAMPLE (with author’s name in text): At the conclusion of her book, Villanueva asserts: Rage, Inc. fails in this regard. It cannot be said that its mark is well-known internationally when, according to its own admission, it has never promoted its mark, advertised or sold its goods using the mark here in the Philippines. The law is clear that in ascertaining whether or not a mark is well-known, it is essential to consider knowledge in the Philippines. (168) There is no proof to show that Filipinos are aware of the French company’s use of the mark. Page | 2
EXAMPLE (with author’s name in reference): The book concludes with the following assertion: Rage, Inc. fails in this regard. It cannot be said that its mark is well-known internationally when, according to its own admission, it has never promoted its mark, advertised or sold its goods using the mark here in the Philippines. The law is clear that in ascertaining whether or not a mark is well-known, it is essential to consider knowledge in the Philippines. (Villanueva 168) There is no proof to show that Filipinos are aware of the French company’s use of the mark. II.
How to create an MLA Works Cited page On (a) separate page(s) at the end of your paper, list alphabetically by author every work cited in your paper. List only those sources you actually cited in your paper. Title the page Works Cited (not Bibliography), at the top of a new page, centered. All entries should be double-spaced. Begin an entry at the margin; indent the remaining lines five spaces. SAMPLE ENTRIES FOR THE WORKS CITED PAGE Article from a scholarly journal, with page numbers, read online from the journal’s website Shih, Shu-Mei. “Comparative Racialization: An Introduction. PMLA 123. 5 (2009): 1347-1362. Web. 10 Sept. 2009. [the date at the end is the “access date”–the date you read the material online] Page | 3 Article from a scholarly journal, no page numbers, read through an online database Mieszkowski, Jan. “Derrida, Hegel, and the Language of Finitude. ” Postmodern Culture 15. 3 (2005): n. pag. Project MUSE. Web. 13 Sept. 2009. Article from a scholarly journal, with page numbers, read through an online database Sherrard-Johnson, Cherene. “‘A Plea for Color’: Nella Larsen’s Iconography of the Mulatta. ” American Literature 76. 4 (2004): 833-869.
EBSCOhost. Web. 10 Sept. 2009. Valenza, Robin. “How Literature Becomes Knowledge: A Case Study. ” ELH 76. 1 (2009): 215-245. Project MUSE. Web. 11 Sept. 2009. Article from a scholarly journal, by three authors, print version Doggart, Julia, Melissa Tedrowe, and Kate Vieira. “Minding the Gap: Realizing Our Ideal Community Writing Assistance Program. ” The Community Literacy Journal 2. 1 (2007): 71-80. [with one, two, or three authors, list all names; if there are more than three authors, you have a choice: you may use only the first author and add et al. , or use all of the authors’ names]
Article from a webtext, published in a web-only scholarly journal Carter, Shannon, and Donna Dunbar-Odom. “The Converging Literacies Center: An Integrated Model for Writing Programs. ” Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 14. 1 (2009). Web. 13 Sept. 2009. Yergeau, Melanie, Kathryn Wozniak, and Peter Vandenberg. “Expanding the Space of f2f: Writing Centers and Audio-Visual-Textual Conferencing. ” Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 13. 1 (2008). Web. 13 Sept. 2009. Books, print versions Bordwell, David. Figures Traced in Light: On Cinematic Staging.
Berkeley, U California P, 2005. Print. Britland, Karen. Drama at the Courts of Queen Maria Henrietta. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006. Print. Card, Claudia. The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print. Page | 4 Cronon, William. Nature’s Metropolis. New York: Norton, 1991. Print. Mallon, Florencia E. Courage Tastes of Blood: The Mapuche Community of Nicholas Ailio and the Chilean State, 1906-2001. Durham: Duke UP, 2005. Print. Book, an edited collection, print version Olaniyan, Tejumola, and Ato Quayson, eds. African Literature: An Anthology of Criticism and Theory.
Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007. Print. A play within a scholarly edition, second edition, print version Shakespeare, William. Measure for Measure. The Riverside Shakespeare. 2nd ed. Ed. G. Blakemore Evans and J. J. M. Tobin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. 579-623. Print. Edition of a literary text, revised edition, print version Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself. Ed. William L. Andrews and William S. McFeely. Rev. ed. New York: Norton, 1996. Print. Foreword Bordwell, David. Foreword. Awake in the Dark: Forty Years of Reviews, Essays, and Interviews.
By Roger Ebert. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2006. xiii-xviii. Print. Chapter in an edited scholarly anthology Magny, Claude-Edmonde. “Faulkner or Theological Inversion. ” Faulkner: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Robert Penn Warren. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1966. 66-78. Print. Shimabukuro, Mira Chieko. “Relocating Authority: Coauthor(iz)ing a Japanese American Ethos of Resistance under Mass Incarceration. ” Representations: Doing Asian American Rhetoric. Ed. LuMing Mao and Morris Young. Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 2008. 127-152. Print. An interview you conducted Brandt, Deborah.
Personal Interview. 28 May 2008. Page | 5 A published interview, read through an online database Garcia, Cristina. Interview by Ylce Irizarry. Contemporary Literature 48. 2 (2007): 174-194. EBSCOhost. Web. 11 Sept. 2009. Film or DVD Sense and Sensibility. Screenplay by Emma Thompson and Jane Austen. Dir. Ang Lee. Perf. Emma Thompson, and Kate Winslet. Sony, 1999. DVD. [if in your paper you are focusing on and citing the director, begin this entry with the director, so this would be: Lee, Ang, dir. Sense and Sensibility . . . . if you are focusing on and citing an actor, begin the ntry with the actor’s name, so this would be: Thompson, Emma, perf. Sense and Sensibility . . . .] Television broadcast “Darwin’s Darkest Hour. ” NOVA. PBS, WHA. 6 October 2009. Television. [PBS is the network that broadcast this show; WHA is the local PBS affiliate in Madison on which you watched this show] Visual art Gleizes, Albert. The Schoolboy. 1924. Gouache or glue tempera on canvas. Univ. of Wisconsin Chazen Museum of Art, Madison. Address, lecture, reading, or conference presentation Pollan, Michael. “In Defense of Food: The Omnivore’s Solutions. ” Kohl Center, University of WisconsinMadison. 4 Sept. 2009. Address. Non-periodical web publication, with no author and no date of publication “New Media @ the Center. ” The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. U of WisconsinMadison Writing Center, 2009. Web. 11 Sept. 2009. [syntax for a non-periodical web publication: author (if no author, start with the title); title of the section or page, in quotation marks; title of the Web site as a whole, italicized; version or edition used (if none is specified, omit); publisher or sponsor of the site (if there is no publisher or sponsor, put “N. . “; date of publication (if none is on Page | 6 the site, put “n. d. “); use a comma between the publisher or sponsor and the date; the word “Web”; close with the date you accessed the site] Non-periodical scholarly web publication, no date of publication Stahmer, Carl, ed. “The Shelley Chronology. ” The Romantic Chronology. Romantic Circles, U of Maryland, n. d. Web. 11 Sept. 2009. Non-periodical web publication, no author, no title, no date of publication Home page. RSA: Rhetoric Society of America. Rhetoric Society of America, n. . Web. 13 Sept. 2009. [syntax for this entry: no author, so omitted; no title, so a genre label used instead, not in italics, not in quotation marks; title of the overall Web site, in italics; publisher or sponsor of the site; no date of publication; medium of publication; date of access] Web publication, including URL because it would be difficult to find without it; no author “Tinta: UW-Madison Department of Spanish and Portuguese Newsletter. ” Department of Spanish and Portuguese, U of Wisconsin-Madison, Spring 2008.
Web. 11 Sept. 2009. E-mail message McKenzie, Jon. “Digital Humanities White Paper. ” Message to Chancellor Carolyn Martin. 20 July 2009. E-mail. [“Digital Humanities White Paper” is the subject line of the E-mail. ] REFERENCES MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. “MLA Documentation. ” The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. U of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center, 2009. Web. 04 Jan. 2010. Page | 7