Explain how human technological and social development fostered the rapid movement of people throughout. With the rise of our newest form of evolution (Homo sapiens), many features of our original designs were enhanced for a greater chance of survival. Though we did not acquire “aesthetically-pleasing decals” like claws, we did get something only our species adapted: aptitudes that were far superior to anything on Earth at that time. Around 50,000 BCE, Stone tools began to be constructed and were just beginning to emerge.
Evidence arises from archaeologists identifying Stone Age technology near Aq Kupruk, Afghanistan. At Baude L’Aubesier, France, a Homo Neanderthalensis man from 45,000 BCE is etching bone/stone tools. These various tools would make their journeys a bit more leisurely because to brave the many untouched landscapes they encountered, sharp and tough tools were a necessity. These tools did the job well for how primitive they were. With these innovative implements, human beings began to make rock engravings and other etchings.
Scientists have unearthed some of these imprints near Australia and they’re carbon dated at 42,700 BCE. From the land to the ocean, evidence suggests there were even oceangoing boats in use around this time! Obviously, these aquatic vessels would’ve been an immense help to travelers who may need to cross large gaps of water. A necessity for trips across water. Near the vicinity of 30,000 BCE, Homo erectus becomes extinct, having used the same basic hand axe for more than a million years.
Even Homo neanderthalensis had become defunct by 26,000 BCE, though scientists still describe neanderthalensis as highly intelligent because their weapons were the first to use “dry distillation. ” Meanwhile, Homo sapiens survive and have been perfecting new technologies and techniques, such as the spear. The use of sharper objects can be used for hunting and such activities. The spear would prove to be a grand improvement over the tools used before. As can be expected out of evolution, our species was getting further in their progress.
Scientific research indicates that Homo sapiens were as advanced as modern humans in intelligence, tool building and food acquirements. However, this was not the only development humans made at this time. While new technologies were necessary to endure the voyage across the world, it would do no good if you could not announce anything or even talk at all. Near 50,000 BCE, Homo sapiens had developed operational vocal cords and a separate mouth cavity. Communication is one of the most important parts of any socially-active society, so the introduction of it to humans of the Paleolithic era is a big step.
This development would make the trek around the world so much less of a chore than it needed to be. Various vocal signals were needed for sharing hunting strategies, as well as plans and inner thoughts. Roughly around the same time, a 45,000-year-old, flute-like instrument made of bear bone was found in the valley of the Idrijca River in Slovenia. Musical arrangement wasn’t exactly essential for humans to survive the migration, but its conception influenced the way we socialize.
Today, we sport our favorite bands on t-shirts because the social aspect of appreciating music is now a common idea. Without any researching, I’d say the songs played on the flute could’ve been used to boost morale among members of the group, but it’s highly unlikely seeing how it was just conceived. Still, we can thank the creator(s) of the first instruments for that. Speaking of music, a song is nothing without others to appreciate/critique it, right? The Paleolithic era was the time period when Homo sapiens began to settle permanently.
After braving one or several continents, moving even more wouldn’t sit very well, so the idea of permanent communities provided a better solution. This may seem like a no-brainer to us, but this new discovery had made it so life wasn’t nearly as harsh as it was when people had to move continuously. The areas in which Homo sapiens settled were usually productive at growing foods and the large groups of people that inhabited these developments communicated on a daily basis. These developments and ideals all helped the human race thrive during its voyage to new frontiers.