Difficulty of breathing

This was given to the patient who is suffering from difficulty of breathing due to thick secretion. The drug will relax bronchial muscle by blocking beta 2 receptors. | Bronchodilator| -A selective ? 2 adrenoceptor agonist. At therapeutic doses it acts on the ? 2 receptors of bronchial muscle, with little or no action on the ? 1 adrenoceptors of cardiac muscle. | Contraindication:-It is contra-indicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of its components. Indications:-relief and prevention of bronchospasm in patient with reversible obstructive airway disease. -inhalation: treatment of acute attacks of bronchospasm. | -CNS: tremor, headache, hyperactivity, drowsiness. -CV: peripheral vasodilatation, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias. GI: nausea, diarrhea, constipation. -Others: blurred vision, dry mouth, muscle cramps| -do not exceed recommended dosage; adverse effects or loss of effectiveness may result. Read the instructions that come with respiratory inhalants. – instruct patient that she/he may experience this side effects: drowsiness, dizziness,Headache, nausea & vomting, anxiety. -instruct pt. to report any chest pain, weakness, and tremors. -secure safety of your patient. |

MEDICATION| CLASSIFICATION| MECHANISM OF ACTION| CONTRAINDICATIONS AND INDICATIONS| SIDE EFFECTS| NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES| Generic name: Clonidine Drug name:CatapresDosage:75mcg/tablet| Antihypertensive| – Stimulates alpha2-adrenergic receptors in CNS to inhibit sympathetic vasomotor centres. It decreases systolic and diastolic BP and heart rate. | Contraindications:-Contraindicated w/ hypersensitivity w/ clonidine. Use cautiously w/ pregnancy, lactation, cebrovascular disease. Indications:-Hypertension, used alone or as part of combination therapy. Treatment of severe pain in cancer patients in combination with opiates; epidural more effective with neuropathic pain| CNS: Drowsiness, sedation, dizziness. , nervousness, restlessness, anxiety,GI: Dry mouth, constipation,| – Take this drug exactly as prescribed. Do not miss doses. -Raise the side rails up for your patient’s safety. -Instruct the patient to report if she/he feels any of the ff. Drowsiness, dizziness, light-headedness, headache, weakness-Instruct patient to report urinary retention, changes in vision, blanching of fingers, rash. -Assess the patient’s blood pressure after 15inutes. |

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