More emphasis on quantity than on quality: Majority party holds the reins of government. Inefficient & corrupt, who have neither intelligence nor vision, get themselves elected. Rule of the incompetent Democracies are run amateurs. In it, every citizen is allowed to take part, whereas everybody is not fit for it. Locke calls it the act of running administration by the ignorant. He says that history records the fact that a few are intelligent. Universal adult franchise grants right to vote to everybody.
Thus, “a few manipulators who can collect votes with the greatest success get democratic power. ” The result is that democracy run by the ignorant and incompetent becomes totally unfit for intellectual progress and search for scientific truths. Based on unnatural equality: The concept of equality is enshrined in democracy. Nature has not endowed every individual with intelligence and wisdom. Some are courageous, other are cowards. Some healthy, others not so healthy. Some are intelligent, others are not.
Critics are of opinion that “it is against the law of nature to grant equal status to everybody. ” Voters do not take interest in election: Voters do not cast their vote in a spirit of duty as democracy requires them to do. Contestants of election persuade them. Even then, it is generally found that turn out comes to 50 to 60 percent only. This forfeits the very tall claim of holding elections. Lowers the moral standard The only aim of the candidates becomes to win election. They often employ under-hand practices, foul means to get elected.
Character assassination is openly practiced, unethical ways are generally adopted. Muscle power and money power work hand-in-hand to ensure success to him. Thus, morality is the first casualty in election Democracy is a government of the rich: Modern democracy is, in fact, capitalistic. It is rule of the capitalists. Electioneering is carried out with money. The rich candidates purchase votes. Might of economic power rules over the whole process. The net result is that we get plutocracy under the garb of democracy-democracy in name and form, plutocracy in reality.
It cares a fig for the common man. The rich hold the media and use it for their own benefit. Big business houses influence dailies and use these dailies for creating public opinion to their favour. Influence of moneyed people over politics is probably clear in England, America and India. Consequently, communists don’t accept it democracy at all. According to them, Socialist democracy is democracy in the right sense of the term because the welfare of the labour class and farming community can be safeguarded properly only under socialist democracy. Misuse of public funds and time:
Democracy is a huge waste of time and resources. It takes much time in the formulation of laws. A lot of money is spent during the elections. Ministers are proving white elephants. They are a heavy burden on public exchequer as they waste public money on their tours and recreations. No stable government: When no party gets absolute majority, coalition governments are formed. The coalition of political parties with a view of sharing power is only a marriage of convenience. Whenever there occurs clash of interests, the coalition is lost and governments crumble down.
Thus, stable governments under democracy generally don’t exist. France lost the World War II because there was no stable government in the country at that time. We, in India, have been experiencing the same thing for the present. Dictatorship of majority: Democracy is criticised because it establishes dictatorship of majority. The majority is required to safeguard the interests of minority but in actual practice it does not. Majority after gaining success at the polls forms its ministry and conducts the affairs of the state by its own sweet will.
It ignores the minority altogether; the minority is oppressed. Bad influence of political parties: Political parties are the basis of democracy. A political party aims at capturing power. Its members are to safeguard the interests of the party. Sometimes, they overlook the overall interest of the state for the sake of their party. They try to win election by hook or by crook. Practising the immoral methods, empty ideals, inciting hatred, spreading caste feelings, communalism has become a common practice. It lowers the national character.