Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington was responsible for the Tuskegee Institute (Thornborough, 1969). Furthermore, he instituted and expanded the Tuskegee Institute for the purpose of educating African Americans (Thornborough, 1969). Moreover, the Tuskegee Institute also became the place where the philosophy with regards to education of Booker T. Washington has been nurtured and cultivated (Thornborough, 1969).

In addition to that, when he observed that the status of agriculture in Tuskegee cannot be considered “favorable”, he came to the conclusion that the farmers need to have a specific education with regards to their field (Thornborough, 1969). This consequently led to the development of “two forms of education” that even now still exist (Thornborough, 1969).

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The “two forms of education” aforementioned are: 1) “adult education”; and 2) “extension education” (Denton, 1993).

Here, in what is technically referred to as the “adult education”, he provided assistance to the adults by coming up with programs that will specifically “address the needs of the local farmer” (Denton, 1993). By doing so, the local farmers were able to enhance their production of food, as well as, increase the manufacture of fiber (Denton, 1993). Booker T. Washington, as well as, his ideas also played a great role in the lives of the farmers since they have learned to become independent and very “productive citizens of the country” (Denton, 1993).

With the “extension education”, on the other hand, he purchased a vehicle, converted into a classroom type, placing tools that may convey relevant information, which he voluntarily and wholeheartedly brought to the farmers’ homes or locations (Denton, 1993). This is what we now refer to as the “home study” or “distance education” or “online education”, since it is backed up now by advanced technologies (Denton, 1993).

On a final note, Washington T. Booker did not only institute “adult and extension” education, he was also accountable for the intensification and progress of technical, as well as, vocational education of the country as inspired why what he began with the issues of the farmers aforementioned (Thornborough, 1969). This is his most important contribution on American Education (Thornborough, 1969).