The term “Antisocial Personality Disorder” was preceded by a number of others that stem from the early nineteenth century. Prichard (1835) introduced the concept of “Moral Insanity” to designate criminals who manifested an absence of control and ethical sense. A morally insane individual was considered to have an impaired intellect but to be nevertheless, incapable of “conducting himself with decency and propriety”.
Some decades later the concept of “constitutional psychotic inferiority” was introduced. It was based on the unproved assumption that a severe type of impulsive, antisocial behavior disorder could only occur if the individual had a constitutional defect of the nervous system. In the first half of the present century the term “Psychopathic Personality” came into widespread used in the United States and is still frequently employed.
A psychopath is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a “Person whose behavior is predominantly amoral or antisocial and characterized by impulsive, irresponsible actions satisfying only immediate and narcissistic interests, without concern for obvious and implicit social consequences, accompanied with minimal outward evidence of anxiety and guilt. ” Most of these terms and concepts are plagued by confusion in the criteria used to define them.
In part, the concepts are defined by a social criterion but in larger part they are defined negatively, by exclusion: moral insanity and psychopathy designates those social maladjustment that are not due to mental defect, neurosis, psychosis and so forth. Antisocial person appears to be lacking an inner moral censor, and often commits criminal acts, without anxiety or guilt, in order to obtain immediate gratification of desires. The Antisocial personality disorder is a type of chronic mental illness in which your ways of thinking, perceiving situations and relating to others are dysfunctional.
People with this disorder appear to be charming at times, and make relationships in name only. They are ended whenever necessary or when it suits them and the relationships are without depth meaning, including marriages. Here fore, they are irresponsible and had an ego- centric attitude, which they are not concerned to other welfare of the person that surrounds them. They seem to have an innate ability to find the weakness in people, and are ready to use these weaknesses to their own ends through deceit, manipulation, intimidation, and gain pleasure from doing so. They appear to be incapable of any true emotions, from love to shame to guilt.
They are quick to anger, but just as quick to let it go, without holding grudges. No matter what emotion they state they have, it has no bearing on their future actions or attitude. The rarely are able to have good jobs that last for any length of time, as they become easily bored, instead needing constant change. They live for the moment, forgetting the past, and not planning the future, no thinking ahead what consequences their actions will have. They want immediate rewards and gratification. The significance of the study is to enhance the awareness of the people to the disorder so called antisocial personality disorder.
To gain more knowledge about this disorder, and how to cope to those people who have antisocial personality disorder. The study conducted will only focusing on the Antisocial Personality Disorder. The ASPD diagnosis focuses on behavioral traits, but only limited emphasis is placed affective and unemotional interpersonal traits. The researcher study about the important facts of antisocial personality disorder especially its symptoms, diagnosed, causes, effects and its possible treatment that could help to those people who have antisocial personality disorder.